Researchers and doctors hope somatic cell studies can help to:
Increase understanding of how diseases occur. By watching stem cells mature into cells in bones, muscular tissue, nerves, and other organs and tissue, researchers and doctors may better understand how diseases and conditions develop.
Generate healthy cells to switch diseased cells (regenerative medicine). Stem cells is guided into becoming specific cells which will be wont to regenerate and repair diseased or damaged tissues in people.
People who might take pleasure in somatic cell therapies include those with medulla spinalis injuries, type 1 diabetes, Parkinsonism, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Alzheimers, heart condition, stroke, burns, cancer and osteoarthritis.
Stem cells may have the potential to be grown to become new tissue to be used in transplant and regenerative medicine. Researchers still advance the knowledge on stem cells and their applications in transplant and regenerative medicine.
Test new drugs for safety and effectiveness. Before using investigational drugs in people, researchers can use some varieties of stem cells to check the drugs for safety and quality. this sort of testing will possibly first have an immediate impact on drug development first for cardiac toxicity testing.
New areas of study include the effectiveness of using human stem cells that are programmed into tissue-specific cells to check new drugs. For the testing of latest drugs to be accurate, the cells must be programmed to amass properties of the kind of cells targeted by the drug. Techniques to program cells into specific cells still be studied.
For instance, nerve cells may well be generated to check a brand new drug for a nerve disease. Tests could show whether the new drug had any effect on the cells and whether the cells were harmed.